Herniated Discs and Back Pain
The disc at the back, spinal column divide the skeletal structures. The disc does not compose blood vessels or nerves like other elements of the skeletal structure. Instead, discs are made up of fat, water, and tissues connected to the skeletal structure. During all hours of the day, the discs leak water, which is caused by forces of gravity. For instance, when we sit, it is a gravity force in action, which one might think that it takes little effort to sit, but contrary to the notion, it adds a lot of weight to the spine and disc.
The disc restores water leaked out during the day, yet the water is restored at slower paces. Fat and water are balanced in the disc, yet it causes a person to shrink height when it is not. Fat and water inside discs are thick, yet when a person starts aging, the substances begin to thin. When fat and water begin to thin, it can lead to osteoarthritis. Thinning water and fat of the disc is also the leading cause of back pain, especially in the lower region.
Disc’s exterior is covered by “Annulus Fibrosis.” Sometimes the connective tissues lead to abnormal thickening, which scars the tissue. Usually, injury follows, then infection, and moves to restrained oxygen intake. Surgery is often the result. The inner area of the disc is shielded by “Nucleus Pulposis.” The pulp makes up the hub of the disc, which is polished and soft. The discs make up the primary supporting force that regulates the spinal column, bones, muscles, etc.
When the disc is not protecting the spinal structures, it is often dehydrated, pressured, or deformed. The disc has strength that combines with the flexibility to withstand high loads of pressure. Yet, when that flexibility and strength are interrupted, it can result in herniated disc slips or other injuries.
Slipped discs, in medical terms, are known as HNP. (Herniated Nucleus Pulposa) As outlined, the intervertebral discs are ruptured, which interrupts the nucleus pulposa. In medical terms, slipped discs can include L4, L5, Lumbosacral, and C5-7, Cervical. L4 is a single area of the spinal column and discs, which defines the numerical disc ruptured.
Slipped discs are caused by accidents, trauma, a strain of the back and neck, lifting heavy objects, disc degeneration, weak ligaments, and congenital deformity of the bones. Disc degeneration is outlined in this article.
Lumbosacral will show apparent symptoms, such as acute lower back pain radiating to the buttocks and down to the leg. The person will feel weak, numb, or tingling that stretches to the leg and foot. Ambulation also causes pain.
If cervical disc problems are present, the patient will feel stiffness around the neck. The symptoms will also make the patient feel weak, numb, and he/she will feel tingling around the hands. Neck pain often generates pain, extending it to the arms and onto the hands, which causes weakness to the upper region of the body. The weakness often targets the triceps and biceps, which become atrophy. The lumbar is also affected, which the patient will find it difficult to straighten the back.
When a disc is slipped or broken, the annulus fibrosis reacts by pushing its substance into the hollow spacing between the spinal column. The spinal column is made up of nerves, which travel to various parts of the body, including the brain. These nerves are affected when the disc is slipped. Learn more about the Central Nerve System (CNS) to relate to slipped discs. First, understand how the joints and connective tissues can cause back pain.